Oman, like other countries worldwide, was hit by the COVID-19 pandemic in all its sectors, not merely the health one. There are some important indicators steering the prognosis of COVID-19 infection. This is a cross-sectional study to help understand this disease, its transmission, and course of illness, as well as highlighting the factors that may affect its prognosis. A total of 1000 participants from Mabila Health Centre who got the infection were included. Results showed that 97.3% had a mild course of the disease requiring only home quarantine. Around (45.4%) got the infection from their family, (43.4%) from the community, and only (11.2%) got it from their work. Age was a major factor in determining the course of the disease, F (77, 922) = 11.90, p< 0.001. Having a job is strongly correlated with milder course of COVID-19 infection, X2 (12, N = 1000) = 70.50, p< 0.001. Having the annual flu vaccine is highly correlated with a more benign course of the infection, X2 (3, N = 128) = 17.24, p = 0.001. In conclusion, COVID-19 pandemic varies in its presentation and prognosis. Age and unemployment indicate a worse prognosis, while having the seasonal flu vaccine may improve the prognosis. The study is important as it orients the primary health care providers on picking up patients with high risk so they can be followed more closely in order to reduce the disease morbidity and mortality.
Alya Ali Abdullah Al Hasni, Hanaa Mohammed AL Ismaili, Fakhriyah AL Hoqani, SN Aliya Mohamed Sulaiman AL Bahri, Roua Abdullah AL Zadjali