The objective of this study was to assess the level of knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and practices regarding breast self-examination (BSE) among female students at Rusangu University main campus. The sample consisted of 180 female students. Data was collected using a self-administered questionnaire. Descriptive and inferential statistics were derived using SPSS V20.0 and Microsoft Excel 2016. Results showed that participants who had heard about BSE 137 (76.1%), had a satisfactory level of knowledge and the main sources of information were mass media, friends/relatives, nurses and doctors. A general negative attitude towards BSE was reported, however the respondent’s beliefs were positive. Of the 180 respondents 100 (55.6%) reported to have practiced BSE, among whom good practices were portrayed. Significant correlations between knowledge and practices, attitudes and practices, as well as beliefs and practices were found. In conclusion, more regular and intensified BSE awareness programs among university students are essential to improve knowledge and practices. Further research needs to be done on how to use contemporary methods to disseminate BSE information, in order to improve knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and practices regarding BSE especially among university students.
Michel Vaillant Mutabazi, Sophonie Ndahayo